The US Department of Energy (DOE) has announced $11.5 million in funding for 12 projects under its programme to boost the development of carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies. The 12 projects are designed to develop CCS processes that better enable technologies, such as natural gas power generators, to be responsive to grid conditions in a high variable renewable energy (VRE) penetration environment. They include a project to integrate CO2 capture, hydrogen production and storage at the Linde combined cycle power plant in New Jersey, and a rapid temperature swing adsorption carbon capture technology at Susteon Inc.’s plant in North Carolina.
The award has been made under the DOE’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy’s (ARPA-E) FLExible Carbon Capture and Storage (FLECCS) programme. “The FLECCS projects will work to address critical carbon capture and storage needs in our nation’s power systems.” said ARPA-E director Lane Genatowski. “The FLECCS program is intended to enable the next generation of flexible, low-cost, and low-carbon electricity systems, and we are eager to work with these teams to innovate the grid of the future.”
FLECCS project teams are developing CCS retrofits to existing power generators as well as greenfield systems that intake fossil carbon-containing fuel like natural gas or bio-gas and output electricity. FLECCS Phase 1 teams will design, model, and optimize CCS processes that enable flexibility on a high-VRE grid. Later in the program, teams that move to Phase 2 will focus on building components, unit operations, and prototype systems to reduce technical risks and costs.
In FLECCS Phase 2, up to $31 million in additional funding will be available for teams. At the conclusion of the Phase 1 period, teams will be down-selected based on an engineering design review and the projected economic impact of their Phase 1 projects on a future electricity grid. Selected teams will move on to receive additional funding, further develop their technologies and address Phase 2 challenges.