The Energy and Water Appropriations $30.5 billion bill makes appropriations for the Department of Energy, the Bureau of Reclamation and the Corps of Engineers.

For the DoE, the Conference report provides $24.3 billion, of which $557.6 million is earmarked for nuclear energy. The total budget is $76.5 million above the President’s request although it comes in at $129 million below the 2005 level.

Of the $226 million included for nuclear energy research and development $66 million is allocated for Nuclear Power 2010, a cost-sharing plan to aid industry in navigating the new licensing process at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) by subsidising 50% of the cost for three separate combined construction and operating licence (COL) applications. A further $55 million is allocated for the Generation IV reactor, the Next Generation Nuclear Plant is allocated $40 million and the Advanced Fuel Concepts Initiative $80 million.

The Conference report provides a total of $500 million for Nuclear Waste Disposal at Yucca Mountain, a significant cut from the $577 million in each of the last two years and $201 million below the request. This includes $100 million for Nuclear Waste Disposal and $350 million for Defence Nuclear Waste Disposal. In addition to the $450 million provided for work on the Yucca Mountain repository, the conference agreement provides $50 million for the Secretary of Energy to plan for and initiate a competitive site selection process to develop one or more integrated spent fuel recycling facilities. Additional resources are also provided to the Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology to develop an advanced spent fuel recycling technology for the United States.

Language is also included directing the Department to begin a spent nuclear fuel recycling plan and to set up a competition to determine if there are communities or states that want to volunteer to be the site for a recycling reprocessing facility.

The bill also provides a total budget of $734.3 million for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, an increase of $41 million over the President’s request and $41 million above the current year level, which will be used to support the licensing of next generation reactors.

The bill terminates the Nuclear Energy Plant Optimisation programme at $2 million but includes $290 million for domestic fusion research by The Office of Science.