If the decision made at the plenary session in Strasbourg is agreed by the Member States at the next Competitiveness Council, non-nuclear energy research will total €2.4 billion over the seven years of the programme (2007 – 2013). Two thirds of this for renewables and energy efficiency would equal about €226 million per annum. Nuclear energy research is expected to receive €580 million per annum over the next five years under the separate Euratom research budget.